glossary of trauma terms

Medicare: A health insurance program provided by the United States government. Secondary health insurance may be the policy a person has from their partner’s employer. Golden hour: [Slang] Also known as the golden window. Most people are transferred there from a hospital or medical center. Glossary of Terms. Dissociation and the dissociative disorders: DSM-V and beyond (2009), p231. Performing medical tests such as blood tests, x-rays, EKGs, etc. Here’s a quick compendium of info, presented in the form of a loosely organized glossary of terms … BALANCE BILLING The practice of billing a patient for the difference between what the dentist charges and the agreed-upon charge established by Delta Dental. Medicaid: Getting Started Medicaid: A health insurance program for people with low incomes. Critical incident stress and traumatic stress . The person should also appoint a second individual to be an alternate healthcare agent. The terms "traumatic stress" and "critical incident stress" are often used interchangeably. They do not need skilled medical care in a hospital. The agent can make any care decisions that the person could make if able. Provides a glossary of terms for healthcare providers to better understand the concepts within trauma-informed integrated care. It can include disruptions in thinking and changes in beliefs about one's sense of self, one's safety in the world, and the goodness and trustworthiness of others; as well as shifts in spiritual beliefs. This includes: Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG):  A test that is done to learn more about the electrical activity or rhythm of the heart by looking at the heartbeat. They also treat patients, including prescribing medicine for them. Individuals may also exhibit symptoms that can have detrimental effects, both professionally and personally. Learn more about the most common medical specialties. Learn more about MRI Scans. They may be referred to as victim advocates, victim/witness coordinators, rape crisis counselors, domestic violence advocates, victim counselors, victim/witness specialists, or protective workers, among other terms. Her description of the Type II syndrome includes denial and psychic numbing, self-hypnosis and dissociation, and alternating between extreme passivity and outbursts of rage. Glossary of Terms Burnout . Glossary Terms About Traumatic Brain Injury. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI):  A medical test that is done in a machine using a magnetic field and radio waves. It requires the emergency staff to screen the person. Glossary of Terms . Some people with disabilities may also be eligible for Medicare. What Is Trauma Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe anxiety disorder that is brought on by exposure to extreme physical harm or danger. Asking a person about his or her symptoms, Examining a person by looking at or touching the part of the body that has the symptoms. They must take an exam and become licensed before they can see patients. Learn more about Palliative care. For more details, see the term proxy directive. A urinary catheter is placed into the bladder to drain the urine out of it. Learn more about X-rays. Health insurance plans may be different from each other in how much they pay for a person’s or a family’s medical costs. This includes diagnostic testing and medical or surgical treatment. It contains written instructions about medical care that are used when the person cannot make healthcare choices. They have earned an associate’s degree, a bachelor’s degree or a master’s degree. It is only used when the person cannot make healthcare choices, such as when the person is injured or very ill. The rules about who is eligible for Medicaid may vary in different states. Trauma Surgeon: A doctor who has advanced training in surgery. Proxy Directive: A legal form completed by a person capable of making his or her own decisions. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. From there, the trauma program coordinates care for patients with more complex or severe injuries. Emergency & Trauma Glossary of Terms. Health insurance can be provided by a person’s employer. Secondary traumatic stress (STS) refers to the natural consequent behaviors and emotions that often result from knowing about a traumatizing event experienced by another and the stress resulting from helping, or wanting to help, a traumatized or suffering person. The Alfred N. Sanzari Medical Arts Building, Learn more about Hackensack University Medical Center advanced directives, Learn more about what emergency services are covered by health insurance, Learn more about HIPAA and health insurance, Learn more about health information privacy, Hackensack University Medical Center advanced directives, Learn more about the most common medical specialties, Learn more about the specialty of Surgical Critical Care. The test makes images of a person’s organs (heart, liver, kidney, etc.) We take blood samples from these lines to assess breathing. Some people buy their health insurance on their own. Nursing Home: A facility that provides care to people who cannot be cared for at home or in an assisted living facility. Secondary insurance may pay for what is left after the primary health insurance plan pays for a medical service. Outpatient:  A patient who receives healthcare that does not require them to stay in the hospital. The cost of the insurance can also be shared between a person and their employer. B Compassion fatigue is a combination of physical, emotional, and spiritual depletion associated with caring for others who are in significant emotional pain and physical distress. See bowel disimpaction. Wires run from the patches to the monitor to show the rate at which the heart is beating and the rhythm of the heart. Learn more about a CT scan. Glossary of Trauma Terms. Most people in nursing homes are older adults. Official websites use .gov Learn more about an electrocardiogram. This may happen if the person is injured or very ill. A legal form called a proxy directive must be completed by the capable person to appoint someone as a health care agent. Vicarious traumatization is a negative reaction to trauma exposure and includes a range of psychosocial symptoms that providers and responders may experience through their intervention with those who are experiencing or have experienced trauma. It includes the management of pain and other symptoms. Posttraumatic stress (PTS)/posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5, is a psychological reaction that occurs after experiencing a highly stressful event outside the range of normal human experience. LTD: Long Term Disability. Definitions of glossary of trauma terms, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of glossary of trauma terms, analogical dictionary of glossary of trauma terms (English) Trauma: – Can be a physical or emotional injury resulting from a terrible event or accident. Health Insurance: A plan that pays for some of the cost of health care. This is done to decide the order in which patients will be seen. Learn more about health insurance. autogenous: See graft. This may happen if the person is injured or very ill. In New Jersey notaries are appointed by the State Treasurer. In most cases primary health insurance covers treatment for the insured person. Compassion fatigue . Click a letter to move to that section of the glossary. avulsion: Separation of tooth from its socket due to trauma. A Glossary of Terms Affect Tolerance - the ability to experience negative or overwhelming emotions without acting out, hurting oneself or others, splitting off aspects of experience, or dissociation. An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice. It describes the types of medical care the person would or would not choose if he or she could make these decisions. Ablation may be performed by surgery, hormones, drugs, radiofrequency, heat or other methods. This rule gives patients choices about the privacy of their health information. Glossary of Terms; Glossary of Terms. The focus of hospice is comfort, not cure. Symptoms may include depression, cynicism, boredom, loss of compassion, and discouragement. This individual may be called a health care agent, healthcare proxy, healthcare representative, or power of attorney for healthcare. See evulsion. Symptoms of trauma vary greatly by person, but may include extreme fear surrounding the event, … See precision attachment. Some victim assistance personnel are also first responders. Near-death experiences, torture or extreme bodily harm, disaster, physical or sexual assault, or psychological damage and affliction can all lead to PTSD. After having been exposed to traumatic stress, individuals may experience a range of reactions immediately and/or over time, including decline in job performance, behavioral changes, anxiety, relationship discord, grief reactions, depression, and suicidal ideations. trauma A medical term for any sudden injury or damage to an organism. Initial assessments and diagnostics typically occur in the emergency room. A combined directive, which contains the information found in both of the other kinds of directives. Glossary of Terms Related to Burn and Trauma Treatment Arterial Line A catheter placed into an artery to continuously monitor blood pressure. Medicaid at a Glance They provide care for people with illness or injuries. Abdomen – The area of the body that contains the pancreas, stomach, intestine, liver, gallbladder and other organs.. Ablation – The removal or destruction of a body part or tissue or its function. There are different kinds of catheters. ... Is an injury to the brain which is not hereditary, congenital or degenerative, or induced by birth trauma. An acquired brain injury commonly results in a change in neuronal activity, which effects the physical Subacute Care Facility: An institution that provides continued treatment for illnesses or injuries. Learn more about Medicare. Until the transfer and the reformatting is complete it may be easier to use Cooperative Online Dictionary of Trauma. Instruction Directive: A legal form completed by a person capable of making his or her own decisions. Home › Wellness › Emergency & Trauma Glossary of Terms. Vicarious trauma-informed organizations proactively address the existence and impact of vicarious trauma on their staff through policies, procedures, practices, and programs that mitigate the risk of negative consequences for employees, the organization as a whole, and the quality of services delivered. Patches are placed on a patient’s chest. Bioethics: The area of study that identifies and resolves ethical issues that arise in healthcare. Physician Assistant (PA): Health care professionals who have completed an accredited PA program. Most PA programs require students to have health care experience before starting the program. Catheter: A small tube placed into a patient’s body. When the stressor becomes extremely threatening, overwhelming, or severe, it often produces a heightened state of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral arousal called traumatic stress. X-ray: A test that use radiation to take images of parts of the body. It states that a person with a medical emergency cannot be sent away from an emergency department just because he or she does not have health insurance. Compassion satisfaction refers to the pleasure derived from work, including feeling positively about the meaningfulness of one's contribution to the work and/or to the greater good of society. It is also called a living will. LockA locked padlock In general, they become experts about a particular body system. The terms “field ministry” or “field service” are often used to describe the preaching work of Jehovah’s Witnesses. Primary Health Insurance: Some people have more than one health insurance plan. Inpatient: A person who is staying in the hospital to receive medical care. This glossary is intended to help professionals better understand Jehovah’s Witness beliefs and culture. They provide care for people with illness or injuries. Symptoms may include depression, cynicism, boredom, loss of compassion, and discouragement. depressed skull fracture - a fracture occurring when pieces of broken skull press into the tissues of the brain. Home  ›  Wellness  ›  Emergency & Trauma Glossary of Terms. An instruction directive, which is sometimes called a living will. Learn more about the specialty of Surgical Critical Care. It also has a Privacy Rule. Heart Monitor: A screen that displays the heart’s rhythm. This glossary identifies some of the most frequent terms I use and points you to posts for more information. BAND A metal ring orthodontists cement to a tooth as part of the bracing process. Advanced Practice Nurse (APN): Nurses that have earned a master’s degree in nursing. Notaries have other tasks that they are appointed to do. Unconscious: – The part of the mind that is not aware of the surroundings and oneself. Endotracheal Tube Acute care facility: Most hospitals and medical centers are acute care facilities. abscess: an infection of a tooth, soft tissue, ... trauma: injury caused by external force, chemical, temperature extremes, or poor tooth alignment. Refer to Disability Benefits section for the definition.. Total disability: Disability plans have two different definitions for LTD: Own Occupation: When an individual is unable to perform his own occupation. Learn more about EMTALA. They are usually board certified in surgery and surgical critical care. First responders include trained fire, law enforcement, and emergency medical personnel who are generally the first to arrive to assist with emergencies. Phone: 204-452-9199 Toll Free: 877-353-3205 Email: [email protected] Glossary of Dental Health Terms. BLUEPRINT FOR A VICARIOUS TRAUMA-INFORMED ORGANIZATION. There are different types of APNs. Central Line A large catheter placed into a vein in the neck or groin to deliver IV fluids and medications. A CT Scan produces images in cross section. Learn more about health information privacy. Racial Trauma: Racial trauma, or race-based traumatic stress (RBTS), refers to the mental and emotional injury caused by encounters with racial bias and ethnic discrimination, racism, and hate crimes Restorative Practices: Restorative practices represent a positive step forward in helping all students learn to resolve disagreements, take ownership of their behavior, and engage in acts of … These include the Nurse Practitioner, Clinical Nurse Specialist, Certified Nurse Midwife, and Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist. Glossary of Medical Terms This is only a partial list of the hundreds of terms and specialties associated with brain injury, spinal cord injury, and limb amputation. Vertigo: – The feeling where you sense that your environment is moving or spinning. Secondary Health Insurance:  Some people have more than one health insurance plan. PTS symptoms can happen without a full diagnosis of PTSD; the disorder is diagnosed when a number of the following PTS symptoms last longer than 1 month following a traumatic event: Resilience is the process of adapting well in the face of adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats, or significant sources of stress, such as family and relationship problems, serious health problems, or workplace and financial stressors. Wikipedia does not currently have an article on Glossary of trauma terms, but our sister project Wiktionary does: . Learn more about what emergency services are covered by health insurance. Specialist: A doctor with advanced training in a particular area of medicine. Exposure to the trauma of others has been shown to change the world-view of these responders and can put people and organizations at risk for a range of negative consequences. Vicarious resilience is a process of learning about overcoming adversity from a trauma survivor and the resulting positive transformation and empowerment experienced through witnessing the survivor's empathy and interaction. For a more detailed description, click HERE. ; Start the Glossary of trauma terms article, using the Article Wizard if you wish, or add a request for it; but please remember Wikipedia is not a dictionary. Stethoscope: A tool that a doctor or nurse uses to listen to a person’s heart and/or lungs. Most people who have Medicare are 65 years or older. Traumatic stress is the stress response to a traumatic event of which one is a victim or witness. St. Luke's University Health Network - Glossary of Terms. A lock ( Treatment must be given if it is needed to stabilize the emergency condition. Hospice Care: A plan of care for patients who are expected to die within six months. Learn more about health care agents. The review provides information on how to obtain a copy of the measure. Learn more about Nursing homes. Note: For terms you are unable to find in this glossary, please try The Psychology Dictionary or The Dictionary of Trauma & Dissociation Psychology Terms.-A-Abusive Cycle - This is the name for the ongoing rotation between destructive and constructive behavior which is typical of many dysfunctional relationships and families.. This person is sometimes called a healthcare proxy, healthcare representative or power of attorney for healthcare. Emergency Medicine: A medical specialty that gives people immediate medical care when they have a sudden or unexpected illness or accident. and other tissues. Telecommunications Device for the Deaf (TDD): A device used by a deaf person that has a display screen and a keyboard. Vicarious transformation is an ongoing, intentional process that results in a deepened sense of connection with others, a greater appreciation in one's life, and a greater sense of meaning and hope. dementia pugilistica - brain damage caused by cumulative and repetitive head trauma; common in career boxers. Learn more about medical ethics. ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. A. The present report discusses vague and/ or confusing terminology that is employed in research and clinical work in the area of “traumatic stress”. Type I & Type II Trauma: Lenore Terr distinguishes the effect of a single traumatic event, which she calls "Type I" trauma, from the effects of prolonged, repeated trauma, which she calls "Type II." Activities of Daily Living (ADL) Refers to the ability to every day activities including communicating, dressing, eating, bathing and simply getting around. A | ... Trauma is the body’s response to witnessing or experiencing a frightening event, such as a natural disaster or sexual assault. According to New Jersey law, there are three kinds of advanced directives: For more details, see the terms health care agent, instruction directive and proxy directive. A Level I trauma center is capable of providing total care for every aspect of injury—from prevention through rehabilitation. This scale is used to quickly determine the status and degree of injury of a trauma victim to the head. There may also be differences in the types of medical care that is paid for (coverage). It is especially important at the end-of-life. An IV allows fluids or medicine to be given to a patient. The message that a person types on the keyboard is displayed on the screen. Burnout is a state of physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion caused by long-term involvement in emotionally demanding situations. The alternate would make decisions when the person is not able to do so and the healthcare agent is not available. Sometimes called an intravenous line or IV. Glossary of Terms MAJOR TRAUMA INJURY VICTIM – A person with injuries severe enough to benefit from treatment at a trauma-qualified facility; their Revised Trauma Score is less than 11 and/their Injury Severity Score is 9 or above. Glossary of Terms Related to Trauma-Informed, Integrated Healthcare | The National Child Traumatic Stress Network EMTALA – Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA): This is a federal law. These nurses can examine and diagnose patients. Learn more about hospice care. Students spend at least two years in college training to become a physician assistant. attachment: A mechanical device for the fixation, retention, and stabilization of a prosthesis (Glossary of Prosthodontic Terms, 9th Edition; ©2019 Academy of Prosthodontics). These patients have a disease or condition that can no longer be treated successfully. Palliative care: A plan of care that focuses on patient comfort. "Glove up and dig in": Coarse slang phrase. Secure .gov websites use HTTPS What you need to know about trauma, and trauma therapy. For more details, see the term healthcare agent. Learn more about HIPAA and health insurance. This includes diagnostic testing and medical or surgical treatment. A Glossary of Terms is available that defines the psychometric terms that appear in the reviews. HIPAA – Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA): This is a federal law. Notary: A person who can verify signatures on legal documents. Triage: The process of placing patients coming to an emergency department into different categories. An intravenous (IV) catheter is placed into a small vein, usually in the arm or hand. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. This is most common when two people are married and each gets health insurance from their employer. A person may also have secondary health insurance if they continue to work after age 65 and have health insurance from their employer. Trauma can cause short- and long-term effects on mental and physical health, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).In children and teens, symptoms of psychological trauma include poor verbal skills, difficulty focusing on schoolwork, memory problems, aggressive behavior, anxiety, headaches and stomachaches, and nightmares or other sleep issues. It makes rules about health insurance, and the electronic transfer of health information. Learn more about notaries in New Jersey. Disclaimer The Glossary is a not-for-profit activity designed to promote and share understanding of traumatic stress, especially among professionals who take an interest in this field. Hospice care can be provided in the patient’s home or in an inpatient hospice facility. The primary health insurance is the policy a person gets from their employer. Acute Care Unit. A proxy directive, which allows the capable person to appoint a health care agent. Diagnosis: A process used to identify the illness or disease that is causing a person’s medical problems. The message that a person types on the keyboard is displayed on the screen. Learn more about Hackensack University Medical Center advanced directives. The terms collective trauma, organizational trauma, and community trauma refer to the impact that traumatic events can have on the functioning and culture of a group, organization, or entire community (e.g., the effects of the 1999 Columbine High School shooting, Hurricane Katrina, and the 9/11 terrorist attacks on their respective communities). Allyship: The action of working to end oppression through support of, and as an advocate with and for, a group other than ones own. Citing Reviews Its symptoms can mimic those of posttraumatic stress disorder. Victim service providers may work in government, criminal justice, nonprofit, or community-based organizations or agencies, among others. Normal physical and psychological responses to the traumatic event occur, which place considerable pressure on that person. Acute care facility: Most hospitals and medical centers are acute care facilities. Vicarious trauma is an occupational challenge for people working and volunteering in the fields of victim services, law enforcement, emergency medical services, fire services, and other allied professions, due to their continuous exposure to victims of trauma and violence. Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs): over 25 years of research showing links between trauma in childhood – including sexual and physical abuse, neglect, and witnessing of violence – and risk for chronic physical disease that often don’t start until decades later in adulthood. Critical incident stress and traumatic stress are highly stressful situations, traumatic events, or perceived life-threatening events that have sufficient power to overwhelm an individual's ability to cope. In the form, the person appoints an individual to make health care decisions if he or she is ever unable to do so because of injury or illness. In this case, Medicare may be a person’s secondary insurance. Separation of tooth from its socket due to trauma; scientific term for “having a tooth knocked out.” B. Victim service providers are professionals and volunteers who are trained to support victims/survivors of violence and other crimes by providing information, emotional support, resources, court advocacy and accompaniment, support groups, counseling, crisis hotlines, shelter, financial remedies, and other services in a trauma-informed, culturally relevant, and victim-centered manner. You can also: Search for Glossary of trauma terms in Wikipedia to check for alternative titles or spellings. This care is provided by medical specialists. Advance directive: An advance directive is a legal document completed by a person capable of making his or her own decisions. Glossary of Terms Esophagus – the long tube in the chest that carries foods and liquids from the mouth to the stomach.. Stomach – the stomach is positioned at the end of the esophagus and is the first organ to aid in the digestion of food.. Small intestine – the intestine that is positioned between the stomach and the colon. Health Care Agent: An individual who has been appointed by a capable person to make health care decisions if the person is not able to make those choices. Learn more about emergency medicine. Palliative care can be provided for many different diseases or conditions. Compassion satisfaction . Electrical Trauma Terminology Arc-burn - When the voltage gradient in air exceeds 10-20 thousand volts over a distance of about a half-inch, the air breaks down into a hot ionized gas that is a very good electrical conductor. New Jersey Medicaid. Either 1) watching the self do things on its own, 2) feeling overpowered, taken over, controlled, described as possessed in some cultures, 3) a particular part of the body seems to have a mind of its own, and performs unintended acts. Glossary of Trauma Terms. To use the database, enter search terms, or filter by domain assessed or specific population. Those with life threatening or very serious conditions will receive treatment first. Repeated stressful or traumatic events can chronically elevate the body's stress response. This includes advance directives and/or living wills. A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. This occurs when a patient still needs medical treatment but does not need the amount of care provided by the hospital or medical center. TeleTYpe (TTY):  A device used by a deaf person that has a display screen and a keyboard. Computed tomography scan (CT scan): A test that uses x-rays to take pictures of a part or all of the body. This is due to lack of oxygen, shock, or injury. Psychological trauma is an event that is outside the range of usual human experience and which is so seriously distressing as to overwhelm the mind’s defenses and cause lasting emotional harm. It provides a number of protections for patients receiving medical care.

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