mussel definition biology

A mussel is a bivalve mollusc that can be found in lakes, rivers, creeks, intertidal areas, and throughout the ocean. In this compilation, the authors examine a plant dealing with mussel shell waste as input in its valorisation process, which is considered a priori an eco-friendly solution to the disposal of these products. Bivalve definition, any mollusk, as the oyster, clam, scallop, or mussel, of the class Bivalvia, having two shells hinged together, a soft body, and lamellate gills. In this video, Professor Andrew Jeffs (Leigh Marine Laboratory) explains how green-lipped mussels trap … Mussel definition is - a marine bivalve mollusk (especially genus Mytilus) usually having a dark elongated shell. There, too, horizontal-bottom methods have been replaced by vertical culture. Messersmith, in Polymer Science: A Comprehensive Reference, 2012. In zoology, cephalization is the evolutionary trend toward concentrating nervous tissue, the mouth, and sense organs toward the front end of an animal. The epimysium surrounds bundles of nerve cells that run in long fibers, called fascicles. Mussels attach themselves to solid objects or to one another by proteinaceous threads called byssus threads; they often occur in dense clusters. Animals adapt to their environment in aspects of anatomy, physiology, and behavior. Mussel, any of numerous bivalve mollusks belonging to the marine family Mytilidae and to the freshwater family Unionidae. Mussels such as Mytilus edulis are exquisitely adapted to their marine environment, producing an adhesive holdfast called the byssus that mediates attachment to heterogeneous organic and inorganic … Any of various marine bivalve mollusks that attach to hard surfaces in intertidal areas with byssal threads, especially the edible members of the family Mytilidae and in particular Mytilus edulis, a blue-black species of the North Atlantic Ocean, raised commercially for food. © 2001-2020 BiologyOnline. The common mussel (mytilus edulis), and the larger, or horse, mussel (Modiola modiolus), inhabiting the shores both of Europe and America, are edible. A muscle cell, known technically as a myocyte, is a specialized animal cell which can shorten its length using a series of motor proteins specially arranged within the cell. salt water mussels, usually edible, of the order Mytilida in subclass Pteriomorphia. Muscle cells are specialized to generate force and movement. 1. a bivalve mollusk [n -S] Medical Definition of Mussel. (in B. N. McKnight editor. Mussels are collected from deep water by means of dredges or rakes. Reproductive Biology of Mussel W.Romen Mangang College of Fisheries Central Agricultural University romenmangang.w@gmail.com 2. Mussel is the common name used for members of several families of bivalve molluscs, from saltwater and freshwater habitats. ed.). Bivalve definition is - being or having a shell composed of two valves. Definition of Mussel. The Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis is an ecologically and economically relevant edible marine bivalve, highly invasive and resilient to biotic and abiotic stressors causing recurrent massive mortalities in other bivalves. Several North American unionids are threatened by habitat degradation, damming, and the invasion of zebra mussels. Glossary Sources: Bogan, Arthur E. 2002. Some burrow into soft mud or wood. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A siphon is an anatomical structure which is part of the body of aquatic molluscs in three classes: Gastropoda, Bivalvia and Cephalopoda (members of these classes include saltwater and freshwater snails, clams, octopus, squid and relatives).. Siphons in molluscs are tube-like structures in which water flows (or more rarely in which air flows). Muscle Definition. Freshwater mussels have a complex life cycle and depend on a specific fish-host along with river currents to reproduce. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Polymers in Biology and Medicine. Corrections? Black Friday Sale! Freshwater mussels, also known as naiads, include about 1,000 known species inhabiting streams, lakes, and ponds Little is known about the life history and the reproductive biology of the majority of freshwater mussel species. M. edulis, which attains lengths of up to 11 cm and is usually blue or purple, has been cultivated in Europe since the 13th century. Zebra mussels are an invasive, fingernail-sized mollusk that is native to fresh waters in Eurasia. It is not intended to provide medical, legal, or any other professional advice. Originally, the young mussels, collected from wild stocks, were spread on controlled banks leased by a…. This layer allows nerves and blood to flow to the individual fibers. 2. 2. …15,000 species of clams, oysters, mussels, scallops, and other members of the phylum Mollusca characterized by a shell that is divided from front to back into left and right valves. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Freshwater mussels, also known as naiads, include about 1,000 known species inhabiting streams, lakes, and ponds over most of the world. They may be smooth or ribbed and often have a hairy covering. Primitive bivalves ingest sediment; however, in most species the respiratory…, Terrestrial ecosystems are far from being the only places where recent extinctions have occurred. The valves are connected to one another at a hinge. A Mussel Hybrid Zone: Genetics, Ecology and Evolution Implications for Aquaculture . Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Mussel, any of numerous bivalve mollusks belonging to the marine family Mytilidae and to the freshwater family Unionidae. Each fiber is then wrapped in an endomysium, anot… Learn about the different types of muscle tissues in this t.. Plant cells have plastids essential in photosynthesis. : Indiana Academy of Science.. pp. Brubaker, P.B. New Zealand green-lipped mussel is a shellfish. Mussel adhesion has served as one of many model systems providing a fundamental understanding of what is required for attachment to wet surfaces. New Zealand green-lipped mussel is used for rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and asthma. Homophones muscle | mussel muscle mussel /ˈmʌsl/ /ˈmʌsl/ muscle noun. The hooked, or bent, mussel (M. recurvus), from New England to the Caribbean, attains lengths of about 4 cm and is greenish brown to purplish black. Mussels are found in both saltwater and freshwater ecosystems. How to use bivalve in a sentence. Any one of many species of marine bivalve shells of the genus Mytilus, and related genera, of the family Mytidae. There are several labeled drawings to assist users with mussel anatomy. mussel definition in English dictionary, mussel meaning, synonyms, see also 'muss',Musset',Muse',mussily'. Free learning resources for students covering all major areas of biology. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Biology Online, its staff, or its partners. In addition, its massive clustering on water-intake valves and pipes, bridge abutments, and other structures can cause severe commercial damage. Biological pollution: The control and impact of invasive exotic species. The freshwater mussels (several allied families, the largest being the Unionidae) and saltwater mussels (family Mytilidae) are not closely related, despite the fact that they may look similar.. These groups have in common a shell whose outline is elongated and asymmetrical compared with other edible clams, which are often more or less rounded or oval. The tulip mussel (Modiolus americanus), from North Carolina to the Caribbean Sea, attaches itself to broken shells and rocks; its smooth, thin shell is usually light brown but sometimes has rosy or purple rays. any of various marine bivalves of the genus Mytilus and related genera, esp M. edulis (edible mussel), having a dark slightly elongated shell and living attached to rocks, etc, any of various freshwater bivalves of the genera Anodonta, Unio, etc, attached to rocks, sand, etc having a flattened oval shell (a source of mother-of-pearl). Define mussel. Zoology. They were evolved during the Paleozoic era and have also coexisted with Dinosaurs during the Mesozoic era. Mussels: Characteristics, Biology and Conservation. They are distantly related to scallops, oysters, and oysters. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Robust adhesion to wet, salt-encrusted, corroded and slimy surfaces has been an essential adaptation in the life histories of sessile marine organisms for hundreds of millions of years, but it remains a major impasse for technology. The scorched mussel (M. exustus), from North Carolina to the Caribbean, is bluish gray and about 2.5 cm long. mussel noun /ˈmʌsl/ /ˈmʌsl/ jump to other results. They also have an additional layer called cell wall on their cell.. These mussels tend to colonize hard substrates and surfaces in high densities, with as many as tens of thousands living in a square yard. Worldwide in distribution, they are most common in cool seas. Before using our website, please read our Privacy Policy. Fully cephalized organisms have a head and brain, while less cephalized animals display one or more regions of nervous tissue.Cephalization is associated with bilateral symmetry and movement with the head facing forward. Mussels are several families of bivalve molluscs.Mussels live in lakes, rivers, and creeks. Updates? any mollusk, as the oyster, clam, scallop, or mussel, of the class Bivalvia, having two shells hinged together, a soft body, and lamellate gills. Zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) are small, fingernail-sized mollusks native to the Caspian Sea region of Asia. FOOT INTESTINE MANTLE ADDUCTOR MUSCLESTOMACH DIGESTIVE GLAND ANUS INCURRENT/ EXCURRENT SIPHON VENTRICLE AURICLE NEPHRIDIA ADDUCTOR MUSCLE GILL 3. 1. 1. C.E. Definition of Mussel. While several associated proteins help, actin and myosin form thick and thin filaments which slide past each other to contract small units of a muscle cell. Investigators: Dr. David Innes, Department of Biology, Memorial University Dr. Raymond Thompson, Ocean Sciences Centre, Memorial University Cyr Couturier, School of Fisheries, Marine Institute, Memorial University. These fascicles are surrounded by their own protective layer, the perimysium. 1. 2. Mussel Glossary This glossary will introduce the special names of the specific parts of a mussel, and the scientific terms for the functions, processes, and activities associated with mussel anatomy and life cycle. The Mississippi and St. Lawrence river basins were home to 297 North American species of the bivalve mollusk families Unionidae and…, Blue mussels are cultivated in Italy, Spain, France, the Netherlands, and near Germany in the North Sea and the Baltic. See more. Both types of mussels in freshwater and saltwater feed on microscopic sea organisms including plankton. A mussel is a bivalve mollusc that can be found in lakes, rivers, creeks, intertidal areas, and throughout the ocean. Zebra Mussels. As a medicine, it is available in freeze-dried, ground, and capsule form. https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/videos/366-mussels-are-filter-feeders Mussel research at Memorial University of Newfoundland. A muscle consists of fibers of muscle cells surrounded by protective tissue, bundled together many more fibers, all surrounded in a thick protective tissue.A muscle uses ATP to contract and shorten, producing a force on the objects it is connected to. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …15,000 species of clams, oysters, mussels, scallops, and other members of the phylum Mollusca characterized by a shell that is divided... A cluster of mussels and shrimp found at NW Eifuku, an undersea volcano located near the Mariana Islands. (Science: zoology) Any one of many species of marine bivalve shells of the genus mytilus, and related genera, of the family Mytidae. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Most polymer engineers have focused on the use of 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl- l -alanine (Dopa), a peculiar but abundant catecholic amino acid in mussel adhesive proteins. There are several labeled drawings to assist users with mussel anatomy. (Science: zoology) Any one of numerous species of unio, and related fresh water genera; called also river mussel. Omissions? Mussels synonyms, Mussels pronunciation, Mussels translation, English dictionary definition of Mussels. Freshwater Mussel Biology. Principal enemies of the mussel are birds (e.g., herring gulls, oystercatchers, ducks), starfishes, and dog whelks. Any information here should not be considered absolutely correct, complete, and up-to-date. They are grouped in different subclass enlarge image. Their name comes from the dark, zig-zagged stripes on each shell.Zebra mussels probably arrived in the Great Lakes in the 1980s via ballast water that was discharged by large ships from Europe. See naiad, and Unio. 1 Biology of Mussels & Clamps Introduction: Mussel is the common name used for members of several families of clams or bivalvia mollusca, from saltwater and freshwater habitats. These groups have in common a shell whose outline is elongated and asymmetrical compared with other edible clams, which are often more or less rounded or oval. Female mussel with orange gonad Male mussel … See: muscle, 3. This article was most recently revised and updated by, mussel - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). A muscle consists of many muscle tissues bundled together and surrounded by epimysium, a tough connective tissue similar to cartilage. Revise cells of the nervous system and neurotransmitters at synapses with this BBC Bitesize Scotland Higher Human Biology guide to the SQA course. They have spread rapidly throughout the Great Lakes region and into the large rivers Some species (e.g., the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis) are important as food in Europe and other parts of the world and are raised commercially. Reproductive biology of mussel 1. The zebra mussel’s filtering activities tend to wipe out phytoplankton, disrupting the aquatic food chain that supports many fish species and driving many native mussel species to extinction. This tutorial gives an overview of the nervous syste.. They were first discovered in the Great Lakes in 1986 in Lake St. Clair. mussel 1. People use it to make medicine. See gray whale, under Gray. a small shellfish that can be eaten, with a black shell in two parts. The common mussel (Mytilus edulis), and the larger, or horse, mussel (Modiola modiolus), inhabiting the shores both of Europe and America, are edible. a small, edible sea animal that has a dark shell with two parts that close tightly together (Definition of mussel from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press) Zebra Mussels. Most freshwater mussels use larval parasitism to begin their life cycle. Their food floats freely in the water. The former is extensively used as food in Europe. Marine mussels are usually wedge-shaped or pear-shaped and range in size from about 5 to 15 centimetres (about 2 to 6 inches). Lakes With Zebra Mussels Have Higher Levels Of Toxins, MSU Research Finds, Study Shows Zebra Mussels Can Colonize Sand And Mud, Biomonitoring of Pb and Cd in two impacted watersheds in Southeast Brazil, using the freshwater mussel Anodontites trapesialis (Lamarck, 1819) (Bivalvia : Mycetopodidae) as a biological monitor, Saving Space: Climate Change Impact on Species Goes Beyond Latitude. These mussels tend to colonize hard substrates and surfaces in high densities, with as many as tens of thousands living in a square yard. A muscle is a group of muscle tissues which contract together to produce a force. P. canaliculus has economic importance as a cultivated species in New Zealand. Biology of recent invertebrate invading species in the Great Lakes: The spiny water flea, Bythotrephes cederstoemi, and the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha. Mussel Glossary This glossary will introduce the special names of the specific parts of a mussel, and the scientific terms for the functions, processes, and activities associated with mussel anatomy and life cycle. Mussels (including green-lipped mussels) are filter feeders – they process large volumes of the water they live in to obtain food. mussel synonyms, mussel pronunciation, mussel translation, English dictionary definition of mussel. Freshwater mussels, also known as naiads, include about 1,000 known species inhabiting streams, lakes, and ponds Workbook and key to the freshwater bivalves of North Carolina. Mussels in the largest biology dictionary online. Mussels are bivalve mollusks from the phylum: Mollusca, Class: Bivalvia and Family: Mythilus residing in fresh or marine water. At present, zebra mussels are spreading to inland lakes and other waterways in parts of the United States. The water cycle (also referred to as the hydrological cycle) is a system of continuous transfer of water from the air, s.. The capax horse mussel (Modiolus capax) has a bright orange-brown shell under a thick periostracum; its range in the Pacific Ocean extends from California to Peru. mussel: (mŭs′əl) n. 1. All Rights Reserved. The mantle in caudofoveates and solenogasters is covered by cuticle that contains scales or minute, spinelike, hard bodies (spicules), or both (aplacophoran level). Zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) are small, fingernail-sized mollusks native to the Caspian Sea region of Asia.They were first discovered in the Great Lakes in 1986 in Lake St. Clair. In mollusk: External features …the mantle (or pallium), the foot, the head (except in bivalves), and the mantle cavity. You should stretch before exercise to avoid muscle injuries. The Atlantic ribbed mussel (Modiolus demissus), which has a thin, strong, yellowish brown shell, occurs from Nova Scotia to the Gulf of Mexico. Mussel adhesion has served as one of many model systems providing a fundamental understanding of what is required for attachment to wet surfaces. New Zealand green-lipped mussel is a shellfish. (Science: zoology) Any one of many species of marine bivalve shells of the genus mytilus, and related genera, of the family Mytidae. A mussel's byssal thread can be used as a defense mechanism to capture predatory mollusks that attack mussel beds. The two species of the tiny zebra mussel (genus Dreissena) are prominent freshwater pests, known to proliferate readily and to adhere in great numbers to virtually any surface. 63–84 Mussel, any of numerous bivalve mollusks belonging to the marine family Mytilidae and to the freshwater family Unionidae. Also called lamellibranch. The shells of many species are dark blue or dark greenish brown on the outside; on the inside they are often pearly. 1. n. Any one of many species of marine bivalve shells of the genus Mytilus, and related genera, of the family Mytidæ.The common mussel (Mytilus edulis; see Illust. under Byssus), and the larger, or horse, mussel (Modiola modiolus), inhabiting the shores both of Europe and America, are edible.The former is extensively used as food in Europe. Indianapolis, Indiana. The largest family of freshwater mussels is the Unionidae, with about 750 species, the greatest number of which occur in the United States. They sometimes also live in intertidal areas along coastlines worldwide. Biology. Any of various marine bivalve mollusks that attach to hard surfaces in intertidal areas with byssal threads, especially the edible members of the family Mytilidae and in particular Mytilus edulis, a blue-black species of the North Atlantic Ocean, raised commercially for food. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary 1. any of various marine bivalves of the genus Mytilus and related genera, esp M. edulis (edible mussel), having a dark slightly elongated shell and living attached to rocks, etc 2. any of various freshwater bivalves of the genera Anodonta, Unio, etc, attached to rocks, sand, etc, having a flattened oval shell (a source of mother-of-pearl). Any of several groups of bivalve shellfish with elongated, asymmetrical shells fresh water mussels, usually edible, of the order Unionida in subclass Palaeoheterodonta. The yellow mussel (Mytilus citrinus), from southern Florida to the Caribbean, is a light brownish yellow. They are an excellent example of the way species' gene p.. Definition of mussel noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. 1. This tutorial will help you understa.. Darwin's Finches are an example of natural selection in action. As a medicine, it is available in freeze-dried, ground, and capsule form.. New Zealand green-lipped mussel is used for rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and asthma. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. mussel 1. Filter feeding is a method of eating that is used by diverse organisms, including bivalve molluscs, baleen whales, many fish and even flamingos. Many unionid species also live in Southeast Asian waters. People use it to make medicine. The nervous system is essentially a biological information highway. The zebra mussel made its first known attack on Europe in the early 1800s, proliferated in the 20th century, and was carried (probably in ship ballast water) to North America about 1986, eventually invading all the Great Lakes. (Science: zoology) Mussel digger, the grayback whale. The common mussel (mytilus edulis), and the larger, or horse, mussel (Modiola modiolus), inhabiting the shores both of Europe and America, are edible. (Redirected from New Zealand green-lipped mussel) Perna canaliculus, the New Zealand green-lipped mussel, also known as the New Zealand mussel, the greenshell mussel, kuku, and kutai, is a bivalve mollusc in the family Mytilidae (the true mussels). muscle verb. Worldwide in distribution, they are most common in cool seas. The content on this website is for information only. Worldwide in distribution, they are most common in cool seas. 9.12.3.2.1 Mussel adhesion and the role of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine.

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