prosopis common name

Its uses include forage wood and environmental management. Common Name(s): Honey Mesquite. mesquite. Honey Mesquite / Shanta (Prosopis glandulosa): Common Names, Chemical Compositions, Medicinal Uses, Used Parts, Dosages Dr. Animesh Das November 06, 2016. Seeds are oriented within the pods either longitudinally, in which the seeds lie flat (like the pod itself) and more or less oblique, or tran… Effect on non-threatened fauna? torreyana (honey mesquite) and P. velutina (velvet mesquite) as well as their hybrids. Common names. Prosopis denudans Benth. Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft 3 (820 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.70, .82. var. Title Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. It has become established as a weed in Asia Australia and elsewhere. The generic common name for Prosopis is 'mezquite' in Mexico and 'mesquite' in the USA, originating from the original Nahuatl Indian name from Mexico, 'misquitl' meaning 'bark that tans'. Inflorescence Photograph by: O. M. Montiel. Plant in full sun. Several studies in South Africa, and in other countries where mesquite has become invasive, have established that the negative effects of this invasive tree far outweigh its positive attributes. Eukaryota. It is called bayahonda blanca in Spanish, bayarone Français in French, and bayawonn in Creole. Note the thorns along the stem Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr. juliflora. Prosopis juliflora var. Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft 3 (820 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.70, .82. Common Uses: Flooring, firewood, turned objects, cabinetry, and furniture. Prosopis juliflora var. Spreading with a Low Canopy. Tree Size: 20-30 ft (6-9 m) tall, 8-16 in (20-40 cm) trunk diameter. Plant in full sun. Because of their thicket-forming characteristics, they reduce available grazing area and limit ingress to watering points.” Dense infestations would … Chloroplastida. Close-up of … Prosopis juliflora var. Additional Common Names. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Spermatophytes. Mesquite that is clear and free from defects is easy to work with hand and machine tools, but irregular grain or knots can be challenging. The rationale is to reduce the vast stands of this invasive shrub, and to turn it into sparser, useful, single-stemmed trees, reminiscent of the way in which they grow in their native home, where they are kept in check by several natural enemies that develop on all plant parts. Prosopis juliflora has excellent weathering properties. General Information Prosopis alpataco is a spiny, deciduous shrub growing 20 - 300cm tall. Additional Common Names Please turn on JavaScript and try again. It is a sacred tree in Tamil Nadu and common name in Tamil is 'Vanni'. glandulosa (Torr.) Qatar, May 29, 2015. Common name: Mesquite Page 2 of 2 QUESTION COMMENTS REFERENCE RANKING Fauna 13. Thornless South American Hybrid Mesquite is a fast-growing semi-evergreen tree that grows to 30 feet tall with a 30 foot spread. Effect on threatened fauna? A more detailed description of the plant and the problems it causes can be found in an earlier pamphlet [pdf] while control options for this species are discussed in another pamphlet. Their wood is usually hard, dense and durable. EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. Coelocephalapion gandolfoi, another weevil species that develops on green prosopis pods, was studied for its potential and safety as a seed reducer, and may be introduced into South Africa in the near future to help reduce the invasive potential of this weed. Prosopis chilensis is a small, deciduous, usually spiny, freely branching tree with a thin, open, rounded crown; it can grow 8 - 15 metres tall. Prosopis x 'Phoenix' - Thornless South American Hybrid Mesquite Thornless South American Hybrid Mesquite is a fast-growing semi-evergreen tree that grows to 30 feet tall with a 30 foot spread. There are no common names associated with this taxon. Pricing/Availability:Prosopis juliflora is only occasionally available in small sizes, or as large irregular slabs, and is sometimes sold under the generic name of “mesquite.”. Rot Resistance: Prosopis juliflora is considered durable to very durable regarding decay resistance, though it is susceptible to insect attack. Mesquite is also the most common name for Prosopis in the English language, for example, in many areas where it has been introduced in Asia, Australia and Africa. Grain tends to be straight or wavy. Mesquite /prosopis : Prosopis species (Fabaceae) The weed. General Notes. Prosopis alba fruticosa (Hauman) Monticelli. Prosopis. Cultivated tree Photograph by: Luigi Guarino. Curated hierarchies for Prosopis nuda Schinini. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). juliflora. Conservation & Society Year : 2008, Volume : 6 Issue : 2 Page : 130-140 Summary: Global concern about deforestation caused by fuelwood shortages prompted the introduction of Prosopis juliflora to many tropical areas in the 1970s and 1980s. juliflora (Sw.) DC, Desmanthus salinarum (Vahl) Steud., Mimosa juliflora Sw.,Mimosa piliflora Sw., Mimosa salinarum Vahl, Neltuma bakeri Britton & Rose, Neltuma juliflora (Sw.) Raf., Neltuma occidenatlis B… … It can be found in desert places where it can survive. It is commonly used in dryland agroforestry in India and Pakistan. Name and classification. No trade, propagation or planting is allowed in any of the listed provinces. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Common Name: Mesquite. Scientific Name: Prosopis glandulosa. Superrosids. Width: 30 feet. Syrian mesquite (Prosopis farcta) with oblong pods taken from Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Preferred Names. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Shanta or Honey Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) is mostly found in the south west. Fabaceae. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Life. Angiosperms. Prosopis oblonga Benth. Savannah land, especially in mesophytic woodland[491 ]. Other species' pods split transversely into one-seeded pod segments. P. juliflora usually begins to flower and fruit after 2–3 years, but this is highly dependent upon site conditions, as trees as young as 12 months old have been observed to flower in the Sahel and trees 15 years old or more on poor exposed sites have never been seen to flower (Pasiecznik et al., 2001). (Fabaceae) [9,64,65,102,104,109] LIFE FORM: Tree-shrub FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS: None OTHER STATUS: Seed feeding weevils that develop only on ripe prosopis seeds were therefore studied for their safety and released in South Africa. English: Prosopis pallida (syn. Core Eudicots. Prosopis, Greek name for the burdock, but unknown why it applies to this plant. Larger boards free from defects are uncommon. Prosopis juliflora Spanish bayahonda blanca is a shrub or small tree native to Mexico South America and the Caribbean . In particular, they were listed as category 1b species in the Eastern and Western Cape, Free State and North-West Provinces, which means that they have to be controlled, or to be removed and destroyed if possible. They often thrive in arid soil and are resistant to drought, on occasion developing extremely deep root systems. juliflora. The weed In South Africa, the common names mesquite or prosopis refer to a group of decidious, leguminous thorn tree species and hybrids, belonging to the genus Prosopis, which is native to South and North America. Syrian mesquite, yanbout. Common Name: Pau Carvão. Native to Arizona, Texas, and Mexico. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. Two species, Algarobius prosopis and Neltumius arizonensis,  were effectively established in the field. Fabales . It can fix Nitrogen. Inflorescence Photograph by: O. M. Montiel. Height: 30 feet. Tree growing in its native habitat Photograph by: Prabhupuducherry. Tree Size: 20-30 ft (6-9 m) tall, 8-16 in (20-40 cm) trunk diameter. The tree is known by a range of other names in various parts of the world, including alga… Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. Cultivated tree Photograph by: Luigi Guarino. glandulosa (Torr.) Prosopispods have been variously called 'legume', 'drupaceous loment', 'lomentum', or 'camara' by different authors. The flowers are pollinated by Bees. Prosopis x 'Phoenix' - Thornless South American Hybrid Mesquite. Synonyms. velutina. Pale yellow flowers are followed by brown seedpods. Prosopis vidaliana Naves. overview; data; names; Scientific Names. Pods of some species are eaten, while some may disintegrate, releasing endocarp segments that contain seeds. Seed is dispersed by animals that browse on the pods, or they are washed away by water during flooding events and then deposited en masse in floodplains. [pdf]. Common names in various languages include: Prosopis cineraria (Scientific name) Khejri (खेजड़ी) (Rajasthan) Jant (जांट) (Rajasthan) Grain/Texture: Prosopis juliflora has a medium to coarse texture and a slight natural luster. Prosopis juliflora is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. Prosopis dominguensis DC. Prosopis stenoloba Phil. collect. Scientific Name: Prosopis glandulosa. juliflora. Common Names. Glues, turns, and finishes well. Cultivated tree Photograph by: Luigi Guarino. Flowers in Spring. In the Northern Cape Province they have category 3 status, which means that they may remain where they are already present, except for riparian areas, where they will be regarded as category 1b species. Pale yellow flowers are followed by brown seedpods. 2005. Description. Common names. Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Dark Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. The name juliflora comes from julus, meaning 'whip-like', referring to the long inflorescences and flora being the flower. Scientific Name: Prosopis velutina Synonyms: Neltuma velutina, Prosopis articulata, P. chilensis var. Lagonychium, Greek lagos, "a hare;" onychium, onyx, "a claw," stephaniana, Greek stephane, something which surrounds or encircles, hence "wreath or crown." ABBREVIATION : PROVEL SYNONYMS : Prosopis juliflora var. Further information on these first weevils can be found in a short pamphlet [pdf] or a more detailed pamphlet [pdf] and in a more recent review (2011) [pdf] that summarizes the biological control research on this weed. The aerial shoots are erect, thin, flexuous; dispersed over a round surface up to 10 metres in diameter 491. Archaeplastida Adl et al. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous (or semi-ring-porous); medium to large pores in no specific arrangement, few to moderately numerous; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; amber-colored deposits occasionally present; narrow to wide rays may be just barely visible without lens, normal spacing; parenchyma vasicentric, lozenge, confluent, and marginal. Common Name: Pau Carvão. Prices for Prosopis juliflora are in the mid range for an imported tropical hardwood. Cultivated tree Photograph by: Luigi Guarino. The name ‘mesquite’ originates from the original Nahuatl Indian name from Mexico, ‘misquitl’ meaning ‘bark that tans’ (Maldonado 1990, in Pasiecznik 2001). FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. They were introduced into many countries worldwide and promoted as … Mesquite. Family. Seeds Photograph by: Tracey Slotta @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database Public domain. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Common Name(s): Prosopis juliflora, Mesquite, Distribution: Mexico, Central and South America, Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 4 ft (1.2 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 50 lbs/ft3 (800 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .63, .80, Modulus of Rupture: 16,750 lbf/in2 (115.5 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,759,000 lbf/in2 (12.13 GPa), Crushing Strength: 9,760 lbf/in2 (67.3 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.6%, Tangential: 8.1%, Volumetric: 12.6%, T/R Ratio: 1.8. Seeds Photograph by: Tracey Slotta @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database Public domain . Sta Prosopis juliflora var. velutina Prosopis chilensis var. Johnst. CHILEAN MESQUITE, ALGARROBO. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Therefore, the description and images in this fact sheet may not be representative of this species’ seeds. Odor: Prosopis juliflora is said to have a fragrant odor while being worked. Prosopis glandulosa Torr. (Fabaceae). A list of plants with their common names was written using online sources and books. It was introduced as a beneficial fodder, fuel and shade tree in the arid regions lacking in indigenous trees. Prosopis juliflora and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. In South Africa, the common names mesquite or prosopis refer to a group of decidious, leguminous thorn tree species and hybrids, belonging to the genus Prosopis, which is native to South and North America. Developing seedpods Photograph by: J.M.Garg. The regulations do not apply to any of the provinces that are not listed here. Comments: Prosopis juliflora is known by a multitude of common names, though not one of them seems to be predominant (or intelligible) in the United States. Prosopis oblonga Benth. farcta, stuffed, filled, or solid with tissue softer than the outside. torreyana (L.D. Iron tree: Family: Fabaceae: USDA hardiness: 10-12: Known Hazards: The pounded dry fruits are suitable as a fish poison[418 ]. Comments: Prosopis juliflora is known by a multitude of common names, though not one of them seems to be predominant (or intelligible) in the United States. In dense populations, these form bushy or shrub-like plants, whose shade is inaccessible, and which hardly produce flowers or pods for nectar or fodder, thus laying the land waste. The Plants Database includes the following 35 species of Prosopis . Benson) M.C. It is a very potent and beneficial herb for the humans. Prosopis cineraria, called Shami, is highly revered among Hindus and worshipped as part of Dasahra festival. Dissected fruit of Syrian mesquite (Prosopis … Eudicots. Has Deciduous foliage. farcta, stuffed, filled, or solid with tissue softer than the outside. A dense canopy of fine leaves makes it a great choice for summer shade. Prosopis lanceolata Benth. Acacia cumanensis Willd., Acacia juliflora (Sw.) Willd., Acacia salinarum (Vahl) DC.,Algarobia juliflora (Sw.) Heynh., Algarobia juliflora as defined by George Bentham refers only to the typical variety, Prosopis juliflora var. In Prosopis, the fruit is technically not a legume, as it does not dehisce along its sutures. Also in Saudi Arabia. Prosopis juliflora has a wide range of vernacular names, although no widely used English one except for mesquite, which is used for several species of Prosopis. This results in expansive, impenetrable thickets of this weed. The status of the 139 names (including infraspecific names) for the genus Prosopis recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: Status Total Accepted: 54: 38.8% Synonym: 63: 45.3% Unplaced: 0: 0% Unassessed: 22: 15.8%: A further 2 name records indicate where names have been misapplied. Datasheet of Prosopis juliflora (PRCJU) General . The origin of Prosopis given by Perry (1998) was ‘towards abundance’, from the Greek word ‘pros’, meaning ‘towards’, and ‘Opis’, wife of Saturn, the Greek goddess of abundance and agriculture. A very generic term that has been applied to this species is simply “mesquite”—though in the United States, the term usually refers to Honey Mesquite. Prosopis juliflora var. The focus of the biocontrol programme against mesquite has therefore now shifted to investigating biocontrol candidates that affect vegetative plant parts. Recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Longevity 50 to 150 years. Web pages were written by a program consisting of several scripts. Prosopis cineraria is a multipurpose tree species: provides fodder, fuel, timber, and shade It brings about soil improvement and also helps in sand dune stabilization. Family Fabaceae, Subfamily Mimosoideae NOTE: Only nine seeds of Prosopis denudans were available for examination. Native to Central America, Prosopis chilensis is common in Peru, Chile, Argentina and Uruguay.It is naturalized in many African countries as well as in the USA. Common Name: Alpataco. These species and hybrids have been listed as invasive species in terms of the Alien and Invasive Species Regulations (AIS), National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (Act No 10 of 2004). Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a yellowish brown to dark brown, which darkens with age. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Duration: Perennial, Deciduous Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert, Upland, Riparian. Family: Fabaceae Synonyms. Prosopis cineraria, also known as ‘Ghaf, is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae.It is native to arid portions of Western Asia and the Indian Subcontinent, including Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iran, India, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen.Its leaves are shattered and stripy along its branch. Derivation of the botanical name: Prosopis, Greek name for the burdock, but unknown why it applies to this plant. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Coc Prosopis juliflora var. The short bole is often twisted, it can be up to 70cm in diameter Scientific Name. Habitats: Frequently on fallow land, on sandy clayey soils over laterite[418 ]. No Image. Prosopis juliflora var. Call us at 1 315 4971058. COMMON NAMES: screwbean mesquite screwbean tornillo TAXONOMY: The currently accepted scientific name of screwbean mesquite is Prosopis pubescens Benth. Native ... can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. velutina Prosopis chilensis var. It looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Tree Characteristics. Smaller tree than P. glandulosa.Handsome desert shade tree with proper pruning and age. Sapwood tends to be narrow and is a pale yellow color. Distribution: Southwestern North America. The most prominent invasive forms in South Africa are P. glandulosa var. It branches freely and its wood is hard and reddish, with brown and fissured bark. Workability: Working properties are largely dictated by the quality of the wood itself. General Information Cellular Organisms. Prosopis limensis) is a species of mesquite tree.It has the common names kiawe, huarango, and American carob Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. var. Mimosa juliflora Sw. Neltuma juliflora (Sw.) Raf. This enables them to effectively source shallow as well as deep soil water, thus lowering the ground water table and reducing the amount of water that is available to desirable grazing plants and indigenous tree species. It has a shallow and spreading root system. Pictures of plants were selected from a database using a script. Prosopis species  have an extensive tap root system (depths of 58m have been recorded). Range: Tropical Africa - Senegal to Chad, Sudan and Uganda. Prosopis was actively planted in South Africa over vast areas in the Northern Cape, Western Cape, Free state and North-West Provinces, from the late 1800's, untill as recently as the 1960's. Has perfect flowers (male and … velutina SCS PLANT CODE : POVE COMMON NAMES : velvet mesquite TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name of velvet mesquite is Prosopis velutina Woot. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Prosopis is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae.It contains around 45 species of spiny trees and shrubs found in subtropical and tropical regions of the Americas, Africa, Western Asia, and South Asia. Spanish settlers gave it that name because of its similarity to the European carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua). It is used as food, medicine and wood. Plant Name. Qatar, May 29, 2015. Infraspecies recognized by GBIF classification. The initial focus of the biological control programme of mesquite in South Africa was to reduce the viable seed load in an attempt to retain some of the beneficial properties of this tree, whilst retarding further invasion. Allergies/Toxicity: Woods in the Prosopis genus have been reported to cause skin irritation. “Prosopis spp. They were introduced into many countries worldwide and promoted as useful trees in arid areas. Prosopis juliflora Invasion and Rural Livelihoods in the Lake Baringo Area of Kenya. Rosids. Full names, synonyms, and classification of plants were found online from and using a script. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. are aggressive invaders and competitors. Common Name: Pau Carvão. has had an … The generic common name for Prosopis is 'mezquite' in Mexico and 'mesquite' in the USA, originating from the original Nahuatl Indian name from Mexico, 'misquitl' meaning 'bark that tans'. General Information Prosopis africana is a fairly slow-growing, deciduous tree with an open crown and drooping branches; it can grow from 4 - 20 metres tall[375. Common Name(s): Honey Mesquite. Mature seedpods. It is known as algarrobo blanco in Spanish, which means "white carob tree". Janka Hardness: 2,340 lb f (10,410 N) Modulus of Rupture: No data available* Distribution: Southwestern North America. The Chilean mesquite (Prosopis chilensis (Molina) Stuntz) is a small to medium-sized legume tree up to 12 m in height and 1 m in diameter. Please enable scripts and reload this page. However, the appearance of dense stands of this major water user, in these particularly water scarce areas, turned mesquite into a highly undesirable invasive alien weed. Other similar names are also used, including bayahonde, bayahonda and bayarone, but these may also refer to any other Neotropical member of the genus Prosopis. Prosopis alba is a South American tree species that grows in central Argentina, the Gran Chaco ecoregion, and part of the Argentine Mesopotamia, as well as Bolivia, Paraguay, and Peru.

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