As of 2008, the International Shark Attack File lists two provoked and three unprovoked attacks to this species. English:whitetip reef shark, blunthead shark, light-tip shark, reef whitetip, whitetip shark "loyalty") of whitetip reef sharks to certain areas of the reef for years at a time may have inspired belief in ʻaumākua, the spirits of family ancestors that take animal form and protect their descendants. , The whitetip reef shark is distributed widely across the entire Indo-Pacific region. Blacktip reef sharks, Caribbean reef sharks, grey reef sharks and whitetip reef sharks mostly range below 5 km, and very rarely more than 10 km. The number of offspring is not correlated with female size; each female produces an estimated average of 12 pups over her entire lifetime. Whitetip reef sharks are known for using their slender bodies to maneuver through caves and crevices throughout their coral reef habitats in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.1, The whitetip reef shark is a common and broadly distributed species. As a hunting method, whitetip reef sharks sometimes chase and trap their prey in crevices where they can easily jam their slim bodies and snouts to catch it.1 Like all sharks, whitetip reef sharks rely on electroreceptors in their snouts to detect the electrical charges of nearby prey.3 Although they are formidable predators, whitetip reef sharks are preyed upon by larger fish, such as tiger sharks and giant grouper. It is unlocked upon 100% growth of the xS shark, Blacktip Reef Shark. Once engaged, the sharks sink to the bottom, whereupon the male (or males) rotates one of his claspers forward, inflates the associated siphon sac (a subcutaneous abdominal organ that takes in seawater that is used to flush sperm into the female), and attempts to make contact with the female's vent. Robbins, W.D. As Rüppell did not originally designate a holotype, in 1960 a 31-cm-long specimen caught off Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was made the species lectotype.  Off Borneo, this species gathers around reef drop-offs to feed on food brought up by the rising current. , Once placed in the family Triakidae, the whitetip reef shark is now recognized by most authors as belonging to the family Carcharhinidae on the basis of morphological characters, such as a full nictitating membrane, well-developed precaudal pit, strong lower caudal fin lobe, and scroll-like intestinal valves. The whitetip reef shark is viviparous (live-bearing).  Despite their nocturnal habits, whitetip reef sharks will hunt opportunistically in daytime. The meat and liver are eaten, though sharks from certain areas present a substantial risk of ciguatera poisoning (especially the liver, which contains a much higher concentration of the toxin than the meat). The shark also spreads to the western coast of Mexico, Costa Rica, and even stretches as far as the Galapagos.  These sharks are not territorial and share their home ranges with others of their species; they do not perform threat displays. , Whitetip reef sharks hunt primarily at night, when many fishes are asleep and easily taken. Whitetip reef sharks live communally in small home ranges anywhere from 0.2 to 1.8 miles (0.3 to 3 km). An individual shark may rest inside the same cave for months to years. The Reef Shark Items category lists Reef Shark branded items for sale.  The newborns measure 52–60 cm (20–24 in) long and have relatively longer caudal fins than adults. Additionally, this shark matures late and has small litters.  His choice of the specific epithet obesus was curious, given that this shark is actually quite slender. 4. The lower lobe of the caudal fin is half the length of the upper, which has a strong notch near the tip. (1970). In the western and central Pacific, it occurs from off southern China, Taiwan, and the Ryukyu Islands, to the Philippines, Southeast Asia, and Indonesia, to northern Australia, and is also found around numerous islands in Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia, as far as Hawaii to the north and the Pitcairn Islands to the southeast.  Known parasites of the whitetip reef shark include the copepod Paralebion elongatus and the praniza (parasitic) larvae of the isopod Gnathia grandilaris. We are restoring the world’s wild fish populations to serve as a sustainable source of protein for people. Bloom size: 5.5 inches: Bloom time: Midseason: Plant Traits: Rebloom Diurnal: Bud Count: 10-15: Branching: 3-way: Bloom Traits: Edged Watermark: Bloom Form: Single: Color description: rose red with white and gold toothy edge a small pink watermark and a green throat Oceanic Whitetip Sharks are named for the distinctive white tips on their fins. The whitetip reef shark swims with strong undulations of its body, and unlike other r… They are also frequently spotted from land, in shallow waters, for those who prefer not to share the same water as a shark. As fully-sized creatures, they can't be fished by fisherdwarves, but can be caught with a drowning chamber.  This species is most active at night or during slack tide, and spends much of the day resting inside caves singly or in small groups, arranged in parallel or stacked atop one another. Oceana joined forces with Sailors for the Sea, an ocean conservation organization dedicated to educating and engaging the world’s boating community. At night, whitetip reef sharks become active and hunt for bottom-dwelling prey hiding in coral reef holes and crevices. Click here or below to download hands-on marine science activities for kids. The whitetip reef shark is quite a small species of shark, growing to a maximum length of just under 7 feet (2.1 metres), however, individuals are rare at lengths over 5.2 feet (1.6 metres). A small shark that does not usually exceed 1.6 m (5.2 ft) in length, this species is easily recognizable by its slender body and short but broad head, as well as tubular skin flaps beside the nostrils, oval eyes with vertical pupils, and white-tipped dorsal and caudal fins.  The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has assessed this species as Near Threatened, as its numbers have dropped in recent decades due to increasing, and thus far unregulated, fishing pressure in the tropics. ONR Technical Report 2, No. The maximum weight ever recorded was 40.3 pounds (18.3 kg) and the maximum length ever recorded was 7 feet (2.1 m), but a length over 5.3 feet (1.6 m) is extremely rare. Indeed, for many divers and snorkellers, the phlegmatic Reef Whitetip is their only ambassador to sharkdom. The mouth has a distinct downward slant (imparting a disgruntled expression to the shark), with short furrows at the corners. 2. and R.H. Johnson. Size and Color: This figure measures 4 ¾ inches long and 1 ¾ inches tall, a little shorter than the length of a soda can on its side. The whitetip reef shark is the most common shark species within the Galapagos Islands where they can be found around rocky reefs, under coral heads and in caves. At most, it grows to about 2.5 meters (8 feet) and weighs up to 20 kilograms (44 pounds). Whitetip reef sharks appear grumpy because of their down-turned mouth and protruding brow ridges. The coloration is grayish to brownish above and white below, with a pattern of scattered small, dark spots unique to each individual. The whitetip reef population isn't in danger, but this shark lives in shallow water in a restricted habitat where fisheries can catch it easily using gill nets and longlines. , Mating is initiated when up to five males follow closely behind a female and bite at her fins and body, possibly cued by pheromones indicating the female's readiness. This species is caught for food, though ciguatera poisoning resulting from its consumption has been reported. They are nocturnal, spending their nights hunting and their days resting in reef caves or sandy bottoms with large groups of fellow whitetips. 7.  Whitetip reef sharks are well-suited to ecotourism diving, and with conditioning they can be hand-fed by divers. Carcharias obesus Rüppell, 1837 Whitetip reef sharks do not have to move to breathe and can be found lying motionless on the seafloor.  They prefer very clear water and rarely swim far from the bottom. This shark is unique among its relatives, with its slender body and blunt snout with tubular nasal flaps.  Parturition occurs from May to August (autumn and winter) in French Polynesia, in July (summer) off Enewetak Atoll, and in October (summer) off Australia. Females produce litters of 1-5 pups, born at lengths of 52-60 cm after a gestation period of at least five months. , Associated almost exclusively with coral reef habitats, whitetip reef sharks are most often encountered around coral heads and ledges with high vertical relief, and additionally over sandy flats, in lagoons, and near drop-offs to deeper water. Prefers shallow water, but has been found down to 330 m and lives close to the bottom or motionless on the bottom,or in caves and crevices. , Unlike its Oceanic cousin, the white tip reef shark is more harmless and is seldom aggressive unless provoked. With its slender shape, grey complexion and pronounced gills, this creature of the sea is hard to miss. The maximum weight ever recorded was 40.3 pounds (18.3 kg) and the maximum length ever recorded was 7 feet (2.1 m), but a length over 5.3 feet (1.6 m) is extremely rare.  On the Great Barrier Reef, populations of whitetip reef sharks in fishing zones have been reduced by 80% relative to no-entry zones. At half the size of a dog, they pose no threat to dwarves. During the day, whitetip reef sharks spend much of their time resting inside caves. The daytime home range of a whitetip reef shark is limited to approximately 0.05 km2 (0.019 sq mi); at night this range increases to 1 km2 (0.39 sq mi). On the other hand, if the female is willing, the pair settles side-by-side with their heads pressed against the bottom and their bodies at an upward angle.  Sexual maturity is reached at a length of around 1.1 m (3.6 ft) and an age of 8–9 years, though mature males as small as 95 cm (37 in) long have been recorded from the Maldives, suggesting regional variation in maturation size. The white tipped reef sharks have small smooth-edged teeth with strong cusplets in both jaws. They often return to the same home cave for days or weeks at a time, sometimes longer.2, Whitetip reef sharks grow to an average length of 5.3 feet (1.6 m). N00014-68-C-0138. The Whitetip reef shark is quite a small species of shark, growing to a maximum length of just under 7 feet (2.1 metres), however, individuals are rare at lengths over 5.2 feet (1.6 metres). The maximum distance travelled by tagged reef sharks varied substantially both among and within species. Whitetip reef sharks are also vulnerable to predation from humans. The most abundant species in reef areas, together with Blacktip reef shark and Gray reef shark. The whitetip reef shark was first described by the German naturalist Eduard Rüppell as Carcharias obesus, in the 1837 Fische des Rothen Meere (Fishes of the Red Sea). After dusk, groups of sharks methodically scour the reef, often breaking off pieces of coral in their vigorous pursuit of prey. Compared to the typical reef sharks (requiem sharks), this species swims in a more undulating manner. It allows them to wriggle into narrow crevices and holes in the reef after prey other sharks can’t get at.  In the Indian Ocean, it occurs from northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa to the Red Sea and the Indian subcontinent, including Madagascar, Mauritius, the Comoros, the Aldabra Group, the Seychelles, Sri Lanka, and the Chagos Archipelago. Males mature at about 3.4 feet (1.04 metres) long, and generally reach lengths of up to 5.5 feet (1.7 metres). , Like other members of its family, the whitetip reef shark is viviparous; once the developing embryos exhaust their supply of yolk, the yolk sac is converted into a placental connection through which the mother delivers nourishment for the remainder of gestation. Whitetip reef sharks have been around for at least 42 million years.3. Sailors for the Sea developed the KELP (Kids Environmental Lesson Plans) program to create the next generation of ocean stewards. The upper body is grey/brownish. They wait until night to feed, by patrolling the reef for its preferred food of fish, octopi and crustaceans. However, these sharks readily attempt, and quite boldly, to steal catches from spear fishers, which has resulted in several people being bitten in the process. We have already protected nearly 4 million square miles of ocean and innumerable sea life - but there is still more to be done. Ecology: The whitetip reef shark is a relatively placid bottom-dwelling species usually found around coral reefs (Randall 1977). Unlike other requiem sharks, which rely on ram ventilation and must constantly swim to breathe, this shark can pump water over its gills and lie still on the bottom. The slow reproductive rate and limited habitat preferences of this species renders its populations vulnerable to overfishing. Primarily nocturnal, they shelter in caves by day, often communally (Randall 1977).  Off Hawaii, they follow Hawaiian monk seals (Monachus schauinslandi) and attempt to steal their catches. In the eastern Pacific, it occurs from Costa Rica to Panama, and off the Galápagos Islands. Sharks for Experts & Very Large Systems * We do not sell each and every shark listed below, these are just a few suggestions. This species is easily spotted due to it's curious, irregular, and waving swimming style and of course, the white tip on its dorsal fin. (2006).  In 2008, a whitetip reef shark produced a single pup through possibly asexual means at the Nyiregyhaza Centre in Hungary; previous instances of asexual reproduction in sharks have been reported in the bonnethead (Sphyrna tiburo) and the blacktip shark (Carcharhinus limbatus). They are fished commercially using line and trawl nets for tropical markets.  The maximum reported weight is 18.3 kg (40 lb). CAVE HUNTER: These sharks are quite small, rarely growing longer than five feet in length, and spend most of their time in caves or crevices on Indo-Pacific reefs. Here is a list of facts you may not have known about them. Without proper, enforced fisheries management, this species may become threatened with extinction.2. Introduction. They are also fearless and curious, as the whitetip reef sharks may approach swimmers closely to investigate. Whitetip Reef Sharks mature at a length of about 105 cm. http://ow.ly/HoEaH, Cephalopods, Crustaceans, & Other Shellfish, Oceana Wins Lawsuit to Protect Overfished Dusky Sharks, Arabian Sea sharks may be the most threatened in the world, Less than 15 days left this Congress to help sharks, Oceanic Whitetip First Shark Listed as “Threatened” in the Continental U.S. Atlantic. For example, the oceanic whitetip has declined by approximately 80 to 95 percent across the Pacific Ocean since the mid-1990s.  Multiple sharks may target the same prey item, covering every exit route from a particular coral head. Whitetip reef sharks can be found as deep as 1,083 feet (330 m). Indian and Pacific Oceans in tropical and subtropical waters, Class Chondrichthyes, Order Carcharhiniforms (Ground sharks), Family Carcharhinidae (Requiem sharks), The whitetip reef shark is a slim, medium-sized shark characterized by its white-tipped dorsal and tail fins that give this species its name.  The whitetip reef shark has a slim body and a short, broad head. The white tip reef shark is one of the most widespread sharks around the world, inhabiting most of the Indo-pacific and stretching to Africa and up the Red Sea, as well as around Madagascar and even further south to the tip of the Cape. Whitetip reef sharks grow to a maximum length of 7 feet (2.1 m) and weight of 40.3 pounds (18.3 kg).  On the Great Barrier Reef, males live to 14 years and females to 19 years; the maximum lifespan of this shark may be upwards of 25 years. Triaenodon apicalis Whitley, 1939. The maximum length this species attains is often given as 2.1 m (6.9 ft), though this was originally based on visual observations and may be dubious. Alternatively, it is rather clumsy when attempting to take food suspended in open water. Spiracles are usually present, but may be reduced in size or absent. - Horn Shark . The snout is flattened and blunt, with large flaps of skin in front of the nares that are furled into tubes. There is no ridge between the first and second dorsal fins. In caves, whitetip reef sharks pile on top of each other like logs, lying motionless for hours because this species does not need to move to breathe. Sharks & Rays. This species is viviparous, in which the developing embryos are sustained by a placental connection to their mother. large anal fin with a notch at the back. Just the Facts: Size: Birth:20-24 in (52-60 cm) Maturity:males 40-41in (104-105cm), females 41-43in (105-109 cm) Maximum:5.6 ft (1.7 m) Reproduction: However, several lines of evidence suggest that the once common and abundant shark has experienced declines of potentially significant magnitude due to significant fishing pressure. 9) Diet/Hunting Pattern Of The Whitetip Reef Shark. This amazing fish is a very slim species. The whitetip reef shark is one of the three most common sharks inhabiting the reefs of the Indo-Pacific, the other two being the blacktip reef shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus) and the grey reef shark(Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos). The IUCN has assessed the whitetip reef shark as Near Threatened, noting its numbers are dwindling due to increasing levels of unregulated fishing activity across its range.  While resting during the day, these sharks have been observed being cleaned by the wrasse Bodianus diplotaenia and the goby Elacatinus puncticulatus. Mature females have a single functional ovary, on the left side, and two functional uteruses. Whether it be that your shopping for a birthday or holiday gift for a shark fanatic, or if you’re an educator looking for something to bring the classroom to life, we have some great packages discounted 25% to 50% off!  Females give birth while swimming, making violent twists and turns of their bodies; each pup takes under an hour to fully emerge. The male has a limited time in which to achieve copulation, as while he is holding the female's pectoral fin in his mouth he is being deprived of oxygen.
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